Yongyuth Chalamwong, research director at Human Resources and Social Development Program, Thailand Development Research Institute (TDRI) said the Covid-19 pandemic and advance of technology have caused a major change of employment in every country around the world. It is forecasted that more than 3 million people will become unemployed and 14 million will be not full-time workers. It will be flexible working because full time jobs are constrained, while part-time or work from home are increasing in accordance with the employer demands.
Employment in the future will be shifting to “work from home” especially the gen Z people who work with multiple skills for several employers. Therefore, it needs to promote students interested in part-time jobs or available on weekends who are able to work. However, the regulations of the Ministry of Labor that a minimum wage is no less than 40 baht per hour should be changed because it has been used for longer than 6 years.
For general laborers and senior workers who face difficulty to seek a full-time job, meanwhile employers who have no capability to pay for minimum way according to the law, but would like to hire part-time jobs or do for hourly pay, it should have an amendment in regulations the same as the group of students, no less than 55 baht per hour. The issues that should be amended include hiring rate, working conditions, job description, benefits protection, and so forth.
In addition, the Ministry of Labor should expand the coverage of job service centers, especially the part-time job as soon as possible because it will serve as a flexible labor market.
The labor, both of old and new generations must be eager to upskill and reskill with multiple tasks by which the government should support people getting ready for going to the labor market again.
The restoration economy is a solution for Thailand.
Private investment, private consumption, and most important is a restoration of export related industry. If the employment of the export industry is recovered, it will be able to slow down a layoff problem, while the policy of health security can be conducted to prevent the spread of viral infection.